Aranyani Bhargav began her training in Bharatanatyam at the age of five under the tutelage of Padmashree Leela Samson. She had her arangetram in 2001 in New Delhi. Since then, Aranyani has performed extensively in Indian cities, and has also traveled abroad, giving solo performances in Jersulam, Honolulu, London, Paris, Berlin, Istanbul, Washington and New York.
Aranyani has also been a member of her guru's dance troupe Spanda from 1998 till 2004 and traveled with the troupe on an ICCR tour to China, Japan and Inner Mongolia in 2002.
Aranyani, continuing her practice and performance of Bharatanatyam, ventured in the world of contemporary dance when she went to the UK to complete a diploma in Dance at the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts in 2006. Then, she joined the Attakkalari Centre for Movement Arts in Bangalore to further her training in contemporary dance. She also trained briefly at the Gati Dance Forum in New Delhi.
In 2009, seeking an academic engagement with dance, Aranyani went to the University of Oxford to do her masters. There, she wrote her dissertation on the multiple modernities within Indian dance.
Aranyani Bhargav currently practices and performs Bharatanatyam in Bangalore, India. She is a classical and contemporary dance instructor at the Bangalore International School, teaches dance theory and history at the Attakkalari Centre for Movement Arts and writes a column on dance for The Hindu titled 'Footloose'. She is an impaneled artist with the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).