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Raga Malkauns

   About Raga Malkauns

Raga Malkauns

Malkauns is a raga in Indian classical music. It is one of the oldest ragas of Indian classical music.

The name Malkaush is derived from the combination of Mal and Kaushik, which means he who wears serpents like garlands – the god Shiva. However, the Malav-Kaushik mentioned in classical texts does not appear to be the same as the Malkauns performed today. The raga is believed to have been created by goddess Parvati to calm lord Shiva, when he was outraged and refused to calm down after Tandav in rage of Sati's sacrifice.

According to Indian classical vocalist Pandit Jasraj, Malkauns is a raga that is sung during small hours of the morning, just after midnight. The raga has a soothing and intoxicating effect.

Malkauns belongs to the Bhairavi thaat. Its notes are Sa, komal Ga, shuddh Ma, komal Dha, and komal Ni. In Western classical notation, its notes can be denoted as: tonic, minor third, perfect fourth, minor sixth and minor seventh. In raga Malkauns, Rishabh (Re – second) and Pancham (Pa – perfect fifth) are completely omitted. Its jaati is audav-audav (five-five, that is, pentatonic)

Malkauns is a serious, meditative raga, and is developed mostly in the lower octave (mandra saptak) and in a slow tempo (vilambit laya). Ornaments such as meend, gamak and andolan are used rather than 'lighter' ornaments such as murki and khatka. Komal Ni is generally considered the starting note (graha swara), and the notes komal Ga and komal Dha are performed with vibrato (andolit). All five swaras can function as pausing notes.

The komal Ni in Malkauns is different from the komal Ni in Bhimpalasi. The best time for this raga is late night. The effect of the raga is soothing and intoxicating.The stream of notes in this melody immediately produces the severely tranquil atmosphere. This raga has a strong public appeal.


Credits:
https://chandrakantha.com/, http://www.tanarang.com/, https://en.wikipedia.org/

   Raga structure of Malkauns

Thaat : Bhairavi

Type : Audhav - Audhav

Vadi : Madhyam

Samvadi : Shadj

Aroh : .ni. Sa ga Ma dha ni *Sa*

Avaroh : Sa ni dha Ma ga Ma ga Sa or Sa ni dha Ma ga Sa

Pakad : M g , M d n d , M g , M g S

Synonym : Malkosh, Malkaush

Equivalent : Hindolam

Similar raga : Chandrkouns, Pancham malkauns

Time : Third prahar of the night (12Night to 3 AM )

Equivalent raga in Carnatic music : Hindolam, not to be confused with the Hindustani Hindol.



   External Videos of Raga Malkauns

   Songs based on Raga Malkauns

Songs based in raga Malkauns

Adha hai Chandrama 

Man Tarapat Hari Darshan Ko

Ugavala Chandra Punvecha

Dhund Madhumati

Nako Devraya

Divya Swatantrya Ravi

Tya tarutali visarle geet

Surat piya ki 

Ye Waqt Ki Hera Pheri

Mujhe Na Bula

Ek Ladki Thi Kitni Sharmili

Jaane Bahaar Husn Tera

Chham Chham Ghunghroo Bole

Rang raliyaan karat sautan sang

Ek Ladki Thi

Ankhiyan Sang Ankhiyaan Laagi Aaj


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