Raga Chandrakauns

   About Raga Chandrakauns

Raga Chandrakauns or Chandrakosh 

Chandrakauns is a raga in Hindustani classical music. It is also used in tail pieces and lighter presentations of Carnatic music. Chandrakauns is a very beautiful and striking raga.  It is also surprisingly easy to perform.  One should keep in mind, that there are actually two versions of Chandrakauns.  

The name Chandrakauns is interesting.  The prefix 'chandra' means 'moon'.  Although the etymology of the term 'kauns' is obscure, it generally is used to represent five note rags.  There are several forms of both pronunciation and spelling, Chandrakosh is the second most common pronunciation.

When Komal Nishad of Raga Malkauns is replaced by Shuddha Nishad, Raga Chandrakauns appears. The Shuddha Nishad in this Raga not only differentiates it from Raag Malkauns but also produces a lasting unique impression on the audience. In this Raga, Shuddha Nishad is a prominent note. The Shuddha Nishad produces an atmosphere full of anxiety and tension.

There is an old obsolete version, and there is the modern version.

1) Old Form - This is an example of how quickly rags can change.  Where a century ago, this might have been the only form that you would hear, today you will probably only hear this in old recordings.  The old form as was mentioned by Bhatkhande has the structure:

Sa Ga_ Ma Dha Ni_ Sa'

This form of Chandrakauns has a strong feel of Bhageshree about it. 

2) Modern Form - The modern and most widely accepted version of Chandrakauns is an audav rag that is essentially identical to Malkauns with one small change.  In Chandrakauns the Nishad is shuddha rather than komal.  At first glance, one would think that the shift from the komal Ni to the shuddha Ni would make this rag more harmonically balanced and have a much more mellow feel.  However we must remember that the mind performs a musical inversion where the Madhyam is perceived to be the tonic.  With such an inversion, the shift from komal Ni to shuddha Ni actually increases the feeling of tension.  It is this tension that is the characteristic 'massala' which makes Chandrakauns so strikingly beautiful.

For quite some time Chandrakauns has been a popular rag for the lehara.  The lehara, also known as the naghma (nagma), is a repetitive melody used in the accompaniment of tabla solos and in kathak pieces.  Bollywood in turn has picked up on this, and has further reinforced the association by frequently using Chandrakauns based leharas in scenes that depict traditional tawaifs (an Indian version of the geisha) and traditional kathak dances.


   Raga structure of Chandrakauns

Thaat : Kafi

Jati : Audhav-Audhav

Aroha : S G M D N S'

Avaroha : S' N D M G S

Vadi : M

Samvadi : S

Vishranti Sthan : S; m; N; - S'; N; m;

Mukhya Ang : S g m g S ,N ; ,N S ; g m d N S'; N d S' ; N d m g m g S ,N S;

Synonym : Chandrakosh

Similar : Malkauns, Hindolam

Time : Third prahar of the night (12 night to 3 AM)

Swaras : Rishabh and Pancham Varjya. Gandhar and Dhaivat Komal. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

   External Videos of Raga Chandrakauns

   Songs based on Raga Chandrakauns

Tamil songs in Raga Chandrakauns

1) Maalai Pozhuthin Mayakkathile (Bhagyalakshmi)

2) Unnai Yen Sandhithen (Idhaya Thamarai)

3) Azhagu Malaraada (Vaidehi Kathirunthal)
4) Padavanthatho Gaanam (Ilamai Kaalangal)

5) Velli Salangaigal (Kaadhal Oviyam)

6) Naanaga Naanille  (Thoongathey Thambi Thoongathey)

7) Deva Nidhi Yethu (Ezhumalaiyan Magimai)

8) Vanam Ennum (Villu Pattukaran)

9) Unna Ninaichu (Raasaiyya)

10) Ithuvarai Nanoru (Konji Pesalam)

Marathi songs in Raga Chandrakauns

1) Aaj tujsathi ya paulana

2) Athavani datatat

3) Karu det shrungar sakyano

4) Jan vijan zale amha

5) Je ved majala lagale 

6) Tya tarutali visale geet

7) Ya dolyanchi don pakhare

8) Santbhar Pandharit

9) Hasale Mani chandane

Hindi songs in Raga Chandrakauns

1) San Sanna Sanna Sanna, Jao Re O Pavan (Film : Sampurna Ramayan)

2) Choo Lene Do Najuk Hothon (Film : Kaajal)

3) Jaane Bahaar Husn Tera Bemisaal Hai (Film : Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya)

4) Jo Tum Todo Piya (Film : Silsila)

5) Mere Watan Se Acha Koi Watan Nahi Hai (Film : Ladki)

6) Pyar Ki Pyas (Film : Pyar Ki Pyas)

7) Sabr Ka Phal Meetha Re Meetha (Film : Atithee) 

8)  Tu Hi Tu Hai Main Dekha Karoon (Film : Sunehri Nagin)



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