Raga Durga

   About Raga Durga

The name Durga is derived from the name of the goddess Amba or Parvati.  She is the wife of Shiva, and is associated with great power.  She is also referred to as 'Ma Durga' or 'Durga Mata', which means 'Mother Durga'.  She is said to represent patience and fearlessness.

The origin of raga Durga is obscure.  It has been suggested that this raga is derived from the south Indian Shuddha Saveri.  This is certainly possible, for it is very common for North Indians to 'borrow' ragas from the South.  But in such cases, they usually retain their south Indian names (e.g., Charukesi, Kalavati).  

Though originally Durga Raga is from South Indian classical music, this Raga is equally suitable for Hindustani classical music style. Durga Raga has qualities of brightness, innocence and purity. It always reminds us of the hills. The time traditionally prescribed for this Raga is late evening but, this is one Raga that lends itself to anytime of day and to both slow and lively tempo. Khayals and Bandishes are composed very nicely and people practically sway and dance to the melodic compositions. Raga Durga can help to release stress. Raga Durga is filled with innocence and purity. It is traditionally performed from late evening to midnight. 

Though originally from South Indian Classical Music, this Raga is equally suitable for Hindustani Classical Music style. Khayals and Bandishen and very nicely composed and people practically sway and dance to the melodic compositions. Pancham should not be a resting note in Avroh.

The Raga is of Audav – Audav nature, both its Aroha and Avaroha use only five notes. All the Swaras used are Shuddha. Gandhar and Nishad are not used. It is a purvaranga-pradhan raga with the lower notes on the saptak being used more frequently.


   Structure of Raga Durga

Arohana : Sa Re Ma Pa Dha Sa. 

Avarohana : Sa Dha Pa Ma Re Sa.

Pakad : Re Ma Pa Dha, Ma Re.

Vadi swara : Ma

Samvadi swara : Sa

Thaat : Bilawal

Jati : Audhav - Audhav

Swaras : Gandhar and Nishad Varjya. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.  It is a Purvaranga-pradhan Raga with the lower notes on the Saptak being used more frequently.

   Videos of Raga Durga

   Songs based on Raga Durga

Songs based on Raga Durga

1. Geet Gaya Pathharone – Geet gaya pathharon ne
2. Chanda Re Mori Patiya leja - Banjarin
3. Door Desh Ka – Jawab
4. Hum Intezaar Karenge – Bahu Begam
5. Tu Is Tarah Se Meri Jindagi Me – Aap To Aise Na The
6. Koil Mani Osai - Kizhakke Poghum Rail [Tamil song based on Raga Durga]
7. Kar Ha Kari Dharila Shubhangi - Marathi Natyageet based on Raga Durga
8. Ai Bad Ae Saba Ahista Chal -Film : Anarkali (1953) 
9. Janewale O Mere Pyar -Film : Geet Gaaya Pattharon Ne (1964)
10. Sason Ke Taar Par - Film : Geet Gaaya Pattharon Ne (1964)
11. Jhukti Ghata Gaati Hawa - Film : Dhool Ka Phool (1959)
12.O Door Ke Musafir -Film : Uran Khatola (1955)
13.Sawan Ka Mahina Pawan Kare Sor-Film : Milan (1967)
14. Kevhatari Pahate ultun ratra geli (Marathi)
15. Keshava Madhava tuzya namat re godva (Marathi)
16. Chandrika hi Janu ( Natyasangeet Marathi)

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