Raga Bhoop

   About Raga Bhoop

Raga Bhoopali or Bhoop or Bhupali 

Bhoopali, also known as Bhoop, Bhopali, or Bhupali, is a Hindustani classical raga. Bhupali, is a raga in Kalyan Thaat. It is a pentatonic scale (uses 5 notes in ascending and descending scale).Most of the songs in this raga are based on Bhakti rasa. Since it uses 5 notes, belongs to the 'Audav jaati' of ragas. This Raga has a pleasant, royal mood and is supposed to be sung in early night time from 7pm to 10 pm.

Raga Bhoopali, Raga Yaman, and Raga Bhairav tend to be the three basic ragas of Hindustani music, learned first by its students.

This raga appears to be very ancient.  It is based upon a pentatonic structure that is found in many parts of the world.  It is believed by many scholars that the pentatonic scales; of which Bhupali is one, were prevalent in the middle and far-East by the first millennium B.C.  This scale has been in China for many centuries; it is also found in the folk music of northern Britain.  Yet, it is not clear whether the scale developed independently or spread through cultural interchange.  Either way, it has been around for a long time and is very popular.  Common songs based upon Bhupali include 'Jyoti Kalash Chalke' or 'Pankha Hoti To Ud Ati Re'.

Raga Bhupali is suited to many moods, both happy and pensive. It is traditionally performed during the evening hours, after sunset. This raga belongs to the Kalyan thaat. Its vadi (most important note) is Ga, and samvadi (second most important note) is Dha. 

It is a tranquil soft melody that fills up a new life force in the environment with the dominant Gandhar strengthened by the Swayambhu Gandhar (Consonent longitudinal vibrations) from the Kharja tonic of the drone (Tanpura). This Raga belongs to Kalyan Thaat. This Raga is also known as Raga Bhoop.

In Raga Bhoopali, one should be very careful not to use Dhaivat as a resting note and not give much prominence to Dhaivat, otherwise Rag Deshkar will come into existence which has the same set of Notes as Rag Bhoopali. While taking a Meend from Shadj to Dhaivat or from Pancham to Gandhar, one should be very careful about not using Nishad and Madhyam respectively as a Kan-Swar, otherwise Raga Shuddha-Kalyan will come into existence. Gandhar-Dhaivat Sangati is very important in Bhoopali and Rishabh is the Nyas Swar.

This Raga is popular as Raga Mohan in Carnatic Music. This is a Poorvang Pradhan Raga and is mostly sung in Madhya and Mandra octaves. It creates a deep and soothing atmosphere. The same raga in Carnatic music is known as Mohanam.

Kalyan Thaat consists of an important group of evening Ragas. Characterized by the teevra Madhyam, this Thaat literally means good luck. It is considered to be a blessing-seeking and soothing raga. As a result, it is performed in the evening at the beginning of a concert. This Raga creates a feeling of the unfolding of an evening. This Thaat is huge and consists of many variations on the basic Kalyan Thaat including ragas (but not restricted to) like Shuddha Kalyan, Shyam Kalyan, Yaman Kalyan, Anandi Kalyan, Khem Kalyan (Haunsdhwani + Yaman), Savani Kalyan etc.

Ragas in Kalyan Thaat : Yaman, Bhupali, Hindol, Kedar, Kamod, etc.

Raga Bhoop is considered to be one of the trickiest ragas, due to its similarity to other ragas. There is a fair degree of confusion and difficulty concerning this raga.

   Raga Structure of Bhoop

Thaat : Kalyan

Jati : Audhav-Audhav

Arohana : S R G P D S'

Avarohana : S' D P G R S

Vadi : G

Samavadi : D

Vishranti Sthan : S; R; G; P; - P; G; R; S;

Mukhya Ang : G R G; P G; D P; S' D P G; P G R G; G R S;  

Pakad : S R G R S D1 S R G
S R G R S D1 S R G P G D P G R S
G R P G G R S R D1 S
G R S D1 S R G R P G D P G R S

Chalan :  S R G R S D1 S R G
S R G R S D1 P1
P1 D1 S R G R G
G P D P D D S’
P G P D P D S’ R’ G’ R’ G’
G’ R’ S’ D P G R S

Swaras : Madhyam and Nishad forbidden (varjya). Rest All Shuddha Swaras.

Synonym : Bhup, Bhup Kalyan

Equivalent : Mohanam

Similar raga : Deshkar, Suddha Kalyan

Time : 1st Prahar of the night (6 PM to 9 PM) , Sandhi Prakash Time

   External Videos of Raga Bhoop

   Songs based on Raga Bhoop

Hindi Songs in Raga Bhupali

1) Jyoti Kalash Chalke - Bhabhi Ki Chudiyaan

2) Kanchi Re Kanchi Re - Hare Rama Hare Krishna

3) Nil Gagan Ki Chhaonmen - Amrapali

4) Panchhi Banu Udti Firun Mast Gagan Men - Chori Chori

5) Pankh Hote To Ud Ati - Sehra

6) Sansaar Ki Har Shay Ka - Dhoond

7) Sayonara, Sayonara- Love In Tokyo - Mix Deshkar and bhoopali

8) Jaun Tore Charan Kamal Par Vari - Sur Sangam -This seems to be a typical Deshkar / Bhupali mix.

9) He Govind, He Gopal, He Dayaal Lal - bhajan by Jagjit Singh

10) Chanda Hai Tu Mera Suraj Hai Tu -  Aradhana 

11) Dekha Ek Khwab To Ye Silsile Hue - Silsila 

12) Dil Diwana Bin Sajna Ke Mane Na - Maine Pyar Kiya 

13) In Ankhon Ki Masti Ke Mastane Hazaron Hai - Umrao Jaan

14) Main Tenu Samjhawan Ki - Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania 

Marathi Songs in Raga Bhupali

1) Abir Gulal udhalit rang

2) Utha utha ho sakalik

3) Uthi uthi Gopala

4) Uthi Govinda 

5) Uthi Shrirama pahat zali

6) Airanichya deva tula

7) Khel mandiyela valavanti 

8) Ghanasyam sundara

9) Jay jay Maharashtra maza 

10) Dehachi tijori

11) Dhund madhumati rat re

12) Dhani me pati varin

13) Prabhati sur nabhi rangati

14) Priye paha ratricha samay saruni

15) Maze jivangane 

Below are a few simple compositions (bandish) in Raag Bhupali.

1. Naman kar chatur shri guru charana

2. Jab se tum san laagali

3. Jaun tore charan kamal par vaar

4. Ma ni varaj gaaye raagini kar jab



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