Raga Asawari

   About Raga Asawari

Raga Asavari or Asawari 

Raga Asavari is a Hindustani classical raga. It belongs to the Asavari thaat and is performed in the morning hours.

In pre-Bhatkhande days this Asavari used the Komal Rishab instead of Shuddh Rishab. When Bhatkhandeji created the thaat process, he changed that Asavari's Komal Rishab to Shuddha Rishab but the name remained the same. From that time the old or real 'Asavari' has been called the Komal Rishabh Asavari, and the new Shuddha Rishabh Asavari is simply called 'Asavari'.

Raga Asavari and Komal Rishabh Asavari also appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Sikh Gurus Sri Guru Ramdas Ji and Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji used these ragas. The Raga Komal Rishabh Asavari appears as 'Raga Asavari Sudhang' in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.

Rag Asawari is considered to be the fundamental rag in Asawari that.  There are several film songs in Asavari; one common one is 'Mujhe Gale Se Laga Lo Bahut Udas Hun Main' ,  'Ruk jaa raat, theher jaa re chanda' from the movie Dil ek mandir.  Asawari is a morning rag.  It is Audav - Sampurna due to the omission of the Ga and Ni in the ascending structure.  For those who still adhere to the Vadi / Samvadi theory, it has been suggested that the vadi is Dha and the samvadi is Ga.

There is considerable disagreement concerning the Re.  It seems that there are three schools of thought.  The predominant view is that only shuddha Re is used.  There is another school, which suggests that both shauddha and komal can be used.  Finally, there are those that contend that only the komal Re be used.  For the purposes of this website we will consider the first two to be within the bounds of Asavari, while the last one we will define to be 'Komal Re Asavari'

Asavari and its clones Jaunpuri and Dev Gandhar belong to late morning. The original version of Asavari used all four komal swaras – much like Bhairavi. It then ceded popularity to the modern version of Asavari, which uses shudh ‘re’ but komal ‘ga’, ‘dha’ and ‘ni’. When Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande grouped north Indian ragas into ten thaats, he chose Asavari (with shudh ‘re’) as the key raga of the thaat named after it. The original Asavari is now known as ‘Komal Rishabh Asavari’. The modern Asavari in turn ceded popularity to Jaunpuri, which differs from it only in using the seventh note ‘ni’ in ascending movement. Interestingly, with the shifting of people’s preference from shudh ‘re’ Asavari to Jaunpuri, komal ‘re’ Asavari has made a comeback of sorts. Most of the recordings labeled simply Asavari are in komal ‘re’ Asavari. Dev Gandhar also uses shudh ‘ga’ sparingly in addition to the Komal one. The three ragas sound very similar and some experts on music, including Pandit Omkarnath Thakur, do not consider Asavari and Jaunpuri to be different ragas.

Asawari raga is very popular in North Indian classical music. It is a morning raga, which evokes the moods depicting yearning for love, anguish, and melancholy. Raga Asavari is effective in eliminating the impurities of blood and related diseases. In South Indian musical scheme, Asavari thaat is known as Natabhairavi Mela. 

   Raga Structure of Asawari

Thaat : Asavari

Jati : Audava-Sampurna

Arohana : S R M P D_ S'

Avarohana : S' N_ D_ P M P D_  M P G_ R S

Pakad : M P D_  M P G_ R S

Vadi : D

Samavadi : G

Equivalent ragas : Natabhairavi, Aeolian mode

Similar ragas :  Bhairavi, Bilaskhani Todi , Komal Rishabh Asavari, Jaunpuri

Related Ragas : Komal Rishabh Aasawari, Jaunpuri, Adana, Desi 

Time : Late morning  (9AM to12Noon)

Mood : Renunciation and sacrifice

   External Videos of Raga Asawari

   Songs based on Raga Asawari

There are many popular film songs based on Asavari raga. A few of them are listed below :

1) Mujhe galese lagalo bahut udas hun main - Film - Aaj aur Kaal
2) Jadoo teri nazar : Film - Darr
3) Chale jana nahi naina milake - Film - Badi Bahen
4) Tum zid to ker rehe ho – Mehdi Hassan
5) Jadon holi jai lenda mera naa – Film - Att khuda da wair, Noor Jehan
6) Jab bhi chahen ik nai soorat saja lete hain log – Mehdi Hassan
7) Sawan aya tum nehi aye - Pakistani Song
8) Bereham asman meri manzil bataa – Talat Mehmood
9) Na yeh chaand ho ga, Hemant Kumar - Film - Shart
10) Jhanak jhanak tori baje payal, Mana Dey - Film - Mere Hazoor
11) Tu ne hye mere zakham-e jigar ko choo lya - Film - Nagina (old)
12) Mujh ko awaz de tu kehan hai, Mehdi Hassan - Film - Ghoongat
13) Aankhon mein teri - Film - Om Shanti Om
14) Piya Te Kaha -Film - Toofan Aur Diya
15) Abhi Mujh Mein Kahin  - Film - Agneepath (2012)
16) Dil deewana bin sajna ke - Film - Maine Pyar Kiya
17) Hume aur jeene ki chahat na hoti - Film - Agar Tum Na Hote
18) Lo Aa Gayi Unki Yaad - Film - Do Badan
19) Sajan re jhoot mat bolo - Film - Teesri Kasam
20) Silsila Ye Chaahat Ka - Film - Devdas (2002)
21) Sun sahiba sun - Film - Ram Teri Ganga Maili

Marathi Songs in Raga Asavari

1) Avaghe Garje Pandharpur

2) Kay vadhin me ti Sumati 

3) Tirth Vithhal Kshetra Vitthal 

4) Prembhave jiv jagi ya

5) Dur arta sang kuni chedili 

6) Me samju tari kay bhule

7) Jai paratoni bala 

   Compositions in Raga Asawari

Here are a few of the popular compositions in Asawari raga :

1. Akhiyaa lagee rahata nisa dina
2. Sakiee ree jaa dina taje
3. Naavariyaa jhaanjaree
4. Piharavaa jaago re jaago re 
5. Tum bin ko rakhavaara hamaaro



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