Vanaspati Ragam

   About Vanaspati Ragam

Vanaspati Ragam

Vanaspati meaning the lord of the forest, is a ragam in Carnatic music. It is the 4th melakarta ragam in the 72 melakarta ragams of Carnatic music, following the Katapayadi sankhya system. In the Muthuswami Dikshitar school of music, this raga is called Bhanumati.


   Raga structure of Vanaspati

Vanaspati is the 4th ragam in the 1st chakra Indu of the melakarta system. Its mnemonic name is Indu-Bhu. Its mnemonic phrase is sa ra ga ma pa dhi ni. Its arohana-avarohana structure is as follows:

Arohana: S R1 G1 M1 P D2 N2 S'
Avarohana: S'N2 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S

Shuddha rishabham, shuddha gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham are the swaras used in this scale. As it is a melakarta ragam, by definition it is a sampoorna ragam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the shuddha madhyamam equivalent of Navaneetam, which is the 40th melakarta ragam.

Bhanumati is the 4th Melakarta in the original list compiled by Venkatamakhin. The notes used in the scale are the same, but the ascending scale is different. It is a shadava-sampurna raga (6 notes in ascending scale, while full 7 are used in descending scale).

arohana: S R1 M1 P D2 N2 S'
avarohana: S' N2 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S

Rasali is one of the better known of few janya ragams (derived scales) associated with Vanaspati. 

   External Videos of Vanaspati Ragam

   Songs based on Raga Vanaspati

Tamil Film Songs

1)Naa Romba Busy Vasuvum Saravananum Onna Padichavanga D. Imman Neeti Mohan, Santhosh Hariharan, Sharanya Gopinath

   Compositions in Raga Vanaspati

1) Pariyachakama composed by Tyagaraja in raga Vanaspati.
2) EswarI JagadIswari composed by Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna
3) Brihadamba madamba, Matsyavatara and Guruguha swamini composed by Muthuswamy Dikshitar in raga Bhanumati.

   Related Ragas of Vanaspati

Vanaspati's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields a minor melakarta ragam Mararanjani. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the ragam. 



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