Raga Yaman

   About Raga Yaman

Raga Yaman

Yaman (also known as Alyaan, Iman, Aiman, Eman, Kalyani in Carnatic classical music) is a heptatonic (Sampurna) Indian classical raga of Kalyan Thaat. Yaman emerged from the parent musical scale of Kalyan. Considered to be one of the most fundamental and basic ragas in Hindustani tradition, it is thus often one of the first ragas taught to students.

Yaman is one of the first ragas a Hindustani classical student learns and is considered to be one of the most fundamental ragas in the tradition. This raga is rendered at the time when lights are put on. Its original name is raga Kalyan and only during the Mughal's rule the name Yaman was introduced and became current. Aaroh with Nishad (N) is preferred and heightens the beauty of this melody. 

This raga is considered one of the most important in all of Hindustani sangeet. It is the primary raga in Kalyan. It is a primary that. Its importance can easily be seen in the fact that it is one of the first ragas to be taught. Indeed many traditions teach it even before Bilawal that. Raga Yaman is a night raga which is very romantic in nature. Yaman ragas are considered suitable to play at any time of the day, but they are traditionally performed in the evening. Others say it has Vedic origins as raga Yamuna which over time altered as Yaman. 

Its origins are obscure. There is a tendency to as­cribe it to Persian origins, however this is doubtful for several reasons. The first evidence is to be found in its ancient and very secure position in carnatic sangeet. It is known as 'Kalyani' in this system. The second and most important piece of evidence is the fact that it appears to be modally identical to one of the old Jatis. Thus, when one realizes that this modal form existed in Greek music (Hypolydian mode), and music of the mid­dle east, it would be easy to as­cribe this mode to proto-Indo-European origins. If this is the case, we are talking of a scale which antedates the concept of raga by several thousand years. Therefore raga Yaman could sim­ply have evolved from this ancient mode with essentially no change.

The structure of Yaman is quite simple. It has all shuddha swars except for the tivra Ma. It is this note which gives the rag its distinctive quality of peace, and tranquility. The absence of the shuddha Ma also means that it will not harmonically fight for a strong tonic position. Many say that the vadi is Ga and the samavadi is Ni. This raga has a strong association with the evening.


   Structure of Raga Yaman

Thaat : Kalyan

Jati : Sampurna-Sampurna

Arohana : Ni R Ga Ma Dha Ni Sa

Avarohana : Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ma' Ga Re Sa

Pakad : ni-Re-Ga-/Re-Ga/ni-Re-Sa/Pa-Ma#-Ga-Re/ni-Re-Sa' (Ma is teevr)

Vadi : Ga

Samavadi : Ni

Swaras : Madhyam Teevra. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

Equivalent : Kalyani, Lydian mode

Similar : Yaman Kalyan

   External Videos of Raga Yaman

   Songs based on Raga Yaman

1) Ja Re Badra Bairi Ja

2) Jiya Le Gayo Ji Mora Sanwariya

3) Bhooli Hui Yaadon

4) Zindagi Bhar Nahin Bhoolegi

5) Man Re Tu Kahe Na Dheer Dhare

6) Nigahen Milane Ko Jee Chahta hai

7) Ehsan Tera Hoga Mujh Par

8) Paan Khaye Saiyan Hamarao

9) Abhi Na Jao Chhod Kar

10) Is Mod Se Jate Hain

11) Tere Husn Ki Kya Tarif Karun

12) Aapke Anurodh Pe

13) Mausam Hai Ashiqana

14) Chandan Sa Badan Chanchal

15) Woh Jab Yaad Aaye

16) Woh Shaam Kuchh

17) Jab Deep Jale Aana

18) Re Man Sur Mein Ga

19) Aaj Jaane Ki Zid Na Karo

20) Mharo Pranam- Meera Bhajan

21) Huzur Is Kadar

22) Do Naina Aur Ek Kahani

23) Din dhal jaye

24) Abhi na jao chodkar 

25) Ye moh moh ke dhage

26) Chupa lo yun dil me

27) Kabhi kabhi mere dil me 

28) Man re tu kahe na dhir dhare

Marathi Songs in Raga Yaman 

1) Namacha Gajar Garje bhimatir

2) Nath ha maza mohi khala

3) Dhundi kalyana dhundi phulana

4) Devagharache dynat kunala

5) Toch chandrama nabhat

6) Tejomay nadbrahma he

7) Tuzya pritiche dukh mala

8) Tuj magato me ata

9) Tal bole chipalila

10) Jeevanat hi ghadi ashish rahu de

11) Jivlaga kadhi re yeshil tu 

12) Jethe sagara dharani milte

13) Chand kiranano jare

14) Chafa bolena

15) Ka re durava

16) Kashi kelis mazi daina

17) Kabirache vinato shele

18) Ekala nayanala vishay ha

19) Aakashi zep ghere pakhara

20) Anam veera jithe jahla

Some compositions in raga yaman
1) Eree aali piya bin
2) Dhana dhana bhaaga tero
3) piyaa ki nazariyaa jaadu bhari
4) nehaa kese laaga ho moraa

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