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Raga Sohni

   About Raga Sohni

Raga Sohani

Sohni also called as Sohani and Sohini]is a raga in Hindustani classical music in the Marwa that. It is called as the midnight beauty of Hindustani classical music. Sohini is a night raga that allures listeners into its swift and sweeping phrases, often conveying emotions of sringaar, longing, and sensuousness.

Like Bahar, it is a small raga, with not much space for elaboration. It emotes the feel of longing, of passive sensuousness. Tall, virgin, charming, her eyes like lotuses, ears clustered with celestial flowers, Sohini is a lovely form. She holds a lute and her songs are amorous. 

Tranquil silent night's pleasingly moist atmosphere is the apt description of this raga mood as it is rendered late in the night before dawn. The intensity of the feelings find expression as it is rendered largely in Madhya and Tar Saptaks. This raga belongs to Marwa Thaat. The swar set of Sohani is like those of raga Marwa and raga Puriya except Rishabh is Varjya in Aaroh.

In this raga Dhaivat-Gandhar Sangati is important. In Avroh, D-G Sangati is initiated from Nishad like: N D G M G whereas in Puriya, the D-G Sangati is taken from Madhyam Teevra like: S' N D; M D G M G. G M D N S' ; S' r' S' r' N S' N D N D ; G M G ; M D N S' r' S' these are the raga Vachak notes.

The Shadaj Madhyam Bhava relationship between Teevra Madhyam and Shuddha Nishad produces a sweet mesmerizing effect on the audience.

Raga Sohoni is an Uttarang Pradhan raga – a raga that is developed primarily in the higher range of the octave. The chalan, or movement, of the raga, as with many Uttarang Pradhan ragas, is paced faster and flightier. Its focal notes are Dha (Vadi swara) and Ga (Samavadi swara).

Rishabh and Pancham are varjya in Aaroh, Rishabh Komal, Madhyam Teevra are the swaras in Sohni. Rest all Swaras are Shuddha Swaras. Hamsanandi is a raga in Carnatic music that resembles Sohoni.

Credits:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sohni
http://www.tanarang.com/
https://chandrakantha.com/
https://saxonianfolkways.wordpress.com/

   Structure of Raga Sohni

Thaat : Marwa

Jati : Audhav-Shadhav 

Aroha : S G M D N S'

Avaroha : S' N D N D M G r S ;

Pakad : S'-N-D-N-D-G-M-D-N-S'

Vadi : D

Samvadi : G

Vishranti Sthan : G; D; - D; G;

Mukhya Ang : M D N S' r' S' ; N D N D ; S' r' S' r' N S' N D G M G ;

Swaras : Rishabh and Pancham Varjya in Aaroh, Pancham Varjya in Avroh. Rishabh Komal, Madhyam Teevra. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

Time : 4th prahar of the night  (3AM to 6 AM), Sandhi-Prakash Raga

   External Videos of Raga Sohni

   Songs based on Raga Sohoni

Hindi songs based on Raga Sohini :
1) Jhumati Chali Hava - Sangeet Samrat Tansen
2) Jivan Jyot Jale - Grahasthi
3) Kanha Re Kanha - Truck driver
4) Kuhu Kuhu Bole Koyaliya - Suvarna Sundari
5) Prem Jogan Ban Ke - Moghal-e-Azam
6) Paayal Jham Jham Baaje - Basant

Marathi songs based on Raga Sohini :
1) Jivlaga kadhi re yeshil tu 
2) Nandanvan phulale
3) Sakhya re sakhya re ghayal me harini
4) Talmal ati antarat

Here are a few compositions in Raga Sohni : 
1) Aaj Madhumay Yamini Re
2) Bhed Sur Ke Bata De Ho
3) Kahe Karat Barjori Re
4) Khuda Kare Ke

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