Raga Nand is also known as Anandi, Anandi Kalyan or Nand Kalyan. This melody impresses instantly and without any difficulty creates its own unique mood.
Raga Nand belongs to Kalyan Thaat. It is an evening raga. It uses all the seven notes, five of them in the ascent and seven of them in the descent. It uses tivra (sharp) Madhyam and all other notes are shuddha (full). The derivative ragas out of this structure are grouped under the broad head of Kalyan Thaat. This melodic combination impresses instantly and without any difficulty creates its own unique mood. However, the Vakra movements in rendering result more in repetition and hence it cannot be performed for longer duration and the effect is then lost.
In the series of ragas of the Kalyan family, perhaps the most heard but least known is a short and elegant raga called Nand. Some think that the creation of Nand raga is inspired by the cry of a human baby and the fawn of a deer.
This raga resembles raga Bihag, raga Gaud-Sarang, raga Hameer and raga Kamod. To avoid this resemblance, one should use these Raga Vachak notes: S G m D P R S.
After singing S G m P N S' ; S' N D P (resembing raga Bihag), one should add these notes: G m P D N P ; D M P ; G m D P R S to clarify raga Nand. In Avroh S' D N P ; D m P G, these notes makes raga Gaud-Sarang appear, so one should add following notes to make raga Nand clear: G m D P R S G m.
Similarly to avoid the glimpse of raga Hameer (G m D P) and raga Kamod (M P D M P G ; G M P G M) one should add R S G m D P R S to make raga Nand clear. The nature of this raga is soothing and full of Karun ras. This raga can be expanded in Madhya and Tar Saptaks.
The reason it is very well heard has to do with a very famous film song called 'Tu Jahan Jahan Chalega' from the Indian film Mera Sayaa (1966). Nand expresses a similar personality to most of the Kalyan ragas – an elegant, eloquent raga, like a handsome person with a sweet voice. It’s appeal is ethereal, and very fragile.