Raga Puriya

   About Raga Puriya

Raga Puriya or Pooriya

Raga Puriya is often referred to as king of night ragas. Its set of Notes are exactly like raga Marwa. However, in this raga, Gandhar and Nishad are Vadi and Samvadi respectively and are also Nyas Swars. G M D N ; N M G ; G M D ; G M G these are the raga Vachak notes of Puriya. In this raga, N-M and D-G Sangati is observed. Nishad is often skipped in Aaroh like G M D N D S'.

Raga Puriya is what we call a Shadav (hexatonic) scale. Like Indian Classical music has evolved over the ages, many ragas have also gone through evolution. Sometimes, an extra note performed by a great artist, as an aesthetic embellishment, has come to stay as part of the raga. Sometimes, the notes of a raga have been changed, either to differentiate it or to give it a different structure.

Puriya is one such raga. In the modern era, the Puriya scale is taken to be Sa re Ga Ma Dha Ni. There are some early versions of Puriya where dha is used instead of Dha, which is arguably more appropriate in terms of Lakshanas. But let us stick to today’s scale.

So, Puriya is a Shadava Pancham Varjit raga, in other words, a hexatonic raga without the fifth. The Amsa (dominant) notes are Ni, Ga and Ma, while re and Dha are Alpatva (used rarely).

Ni has a Samvad (consonance) with Ga and Ma, re has no Samvad (and hence used as Alpatva), and Ga and Dha are related. But as a Lakshya (aesthetic choice), Dha is also used as Alpatva. The Nyasa notes (resolving notes for phrases) are on Ni and Ma. For more details on the technical terms used above and the grammar of Indian Classical music in general, please read my post on the grammar of Indian Classical music.

A pleasant sobering atmosphere full of piety is created. This is a Poorvang Pradhan raga and can be expanded in Mandra and Madhya Saptaks. 


   Raga structure of Puriya

Thaat : Marva

Arohana : N r G M D N r S

Avarohana : S N D M G r S N  or  r N D M G, M G r S

Vadi : G

Samavadi : N

Vishranti Sthan : G; N; - N; G;

Mukhya Ang : N R G ; G M D G M G ; N M G ; G M G r S ; ,N ,M ,D S ; ,N r G r S ;

Swaras : Pancham Varjya. Rishabh Komal, Madhyam Teevra. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

Rasa : Shant (peace) and Gambhir (serious)

Related ragas : Kanada, Hindol, Kalyan (Iman)

Melakarta : Vikrit (Dha) Janya Raga of Kamavardhini (Sa re Ga Ma Pa dha Ni)

Time : 2nd prahar of the night ( 9PM to 12 Midnight)

   External Videos of Raga Puriya

   Songs based on Raga Puriya

Marathi Songs in Raga Pooriya

1) Shabda Shabda japun thev

2) Dur Kuthe Raulat darvalto 

Bandishes are taken from the book 'Acharya Tanarang Ki Bandishen Vol I' written by Acharya Vishwanath Rao Ringe 'Tanarang' and sung by Shri Prakash Vishwanath Ringe.

1) Bada Khyal - Sadra: Gajra Gare Darun

2) Bada Khyal: Tore Kunwar Kanha Ne

3) Chota Khyal: Katat Na Mori Birha Ki Rain

4) Chota Khyal: Lochan Hain Ratnare Ram Ke

5) Chota Khyal: Rang Raliyan Piya Ke

6) Chota Khyal: Hatko Banwari Na Hamari Gail



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