Raga Natkuranjika

   About Raga Natkuranjika

Raga Nattakurinji or Natkuranjika

Nattakurinji is a raga in Carnatic music. It is an audava janya raga of 28th Melakarta raga Harikambhoji. This raga is good to sing in evenings. It is used both in Hindustani and Carnatic music.

Natakurinji is a rakti raga. It can be sung at all times; the raga can be elaborated in both slow and medium tempos. It is a popular choice for ragam, tanam and pallavi, and is especially well suited for elaboration by tanam. Natakurinji is an example of a raga whose scope has been defined by kalpana rather than kalpita, viz., kritis.

This gentle raga which evokes devotion and compassion. Opinions differ as to the suitable times to sing this raga; some say daytime others say evenings. As this raga does suit elaborations, it is not unusual to see it chosen as one of the major pieces of a concert.  Well known krithis in this raga Manasu Vishaya by Tyagaraja, Vazhi Maraithirukude by Gopalakrishna Bharati, Budham Ashrayami by Muthuswami Dikshithar, Mamava Sada Varade by Swati Tirunal and Paal Vadiyum Mugam by Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer.

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandhara, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham in ascending scale, with rishabham excluded in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music. It is also classified as a 'rakti' raga (a raga of high melodic content).


   Raga structure of Natkuranjika

Structure : Nattakurinji and is an asymmetric ragam is said to have three types of ascending (arohana) and descending scales (avarohana). In practice all 3 types of arohana and avarohana, as well as other usages (prayogas) are found. 

Arohanam : S R2 G3 M1 N2 D2 N2 P D2 N2 

Avarohanam : N2 D2 M1 G3 R2 S

   External Videos of Raga Natkuranjika

   Compositions in Raga Natkuranjika

There are many compositions set to Nattakurinji ragam. Some of the popular compositions are:

1) Alli Nodalu Rama, Manava Nillisuvudu, Prananatha paliso nee Enna By Purandara Dasa
2) Manasu vishaya and Kuvalaya dalanayana composed by Tyagaraja
3) Chalamela composed by Mulaivittu Rangasami Nattuvanar
4) Gajadhishadanyam, Budham ashrayami, and Parvati kumaram by Muthuswami Dikshitar
5) Ketum bhajamyaham by Chidambaram Swarnavenkatesha Dikshitar Mayamma by Shyama Shastri
6) Pahi Janani Santatam (Navarathri 8th day krithi), Jagadeesha Sada Mamava, Mamava Sada Varade by Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma
7) Pal vadiyum mugam by Oothukkadu Venkatasubramanya Iyer
8) Ekkalattilum by Ramaswamy Shivan
9) Parvathi Kumaram by Muthuswami Dikshitar



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