Raga Nat Bhairav or Nut Bhairav
Nat Bhairav (or also written as Nut Bhairav) is a Hindustani classical heptatonic (Sampurna) raga of Bhairav Thaat. Traditionally it is a morning raga. It is one of the most important ragas of the Bhairav anga.
This raga is a combination of raga Nut in Poorvang and raga Bhairav in Uttarang. There are a lot of varieties of raga Nut, namely Nut Bhairav, Nut Bihag, Nut Malhar, Nut Bilawal. Out of these ragas, Nut Bhairav is a relatively new raga but a very melodious one. This raga has been made popular by Pt. Ravi Shankar.
Following combination of notes indicates raga Nut: S R R G ; G m m P ; m G m R ; S R S. These notes indicates raga Bhairav: P d d P d N S' ; S' N d P ; P m G m.
Nishad is occasionally skipped in Aaroh and Avroh like: G m d N S' ; d N d S' ; S' R' S' d d P ; S' N d P. This raga creates a rather heavy atmosphere and is mostly sung in Uttarang.
Nat Bhairav is a morning raga. The raga reflects the mood of slight pathos with heroic exuberance.
The raga is widely used not only in pure classical music but also in light classical music like ghazal and filmy tracks. Ustad Zakir Hussain and Pandit Hari Haran once composed a ghazal in pure Nat Bhairav in 'Shaher Dar Shaher'. Pandit Ajoy Chakrabarty recorded a Jnan Prakash Ghosh composition 'Shankar Kore Damru Bajey', set on this raga. Arati Mukhopadhyay recorded a kheyal-ang adhunik song 'Ei Charukesh-e Sucharu Kobori'. Lata Mungeshkar's record of the song 'Baiyan Na Dharo O Balma' is an evocative of the raga.
Many vocal maestros including Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Pandit Jasraj, Ustad Sagir Uddin Khan, Ustad Rashid Khan and Pandit Tushar Dutta depicted the glory of morning through this melody. Set on the raga, soulful taan performances by Ustad Rashid Khan soothes our hearts. Ustad Sagir Uddin Khan's bandish 'Ka Par Kariye Guman Re Maan' urges us to shake off all anger, haughtiness and helps broaden our hearts and horizon. Pandit Tushar Dutta's vilambit bandish 'Paar Na Payo Tero' and drut bandish 'Sundar Tero Roop Lubhayo' is a musical prayer through which one seeks to embrace the eternal soul.
The beauty of nature is vast; so is the melody of Nat Bhairav, which suggests bliss where one can indulge in the search of true sense of life.
Sarasangi in Carnatic music has the same scale as the Nat Bhairav in Hindustani music.