MENU


Khyal Gharana

   Intro

 Khayal

Khayal was popularized by Niyamat Khan (a.k.a. Sadarang) and his nephew Firoz Khan (a.k.a. Adarang), both musicians in the court of Muhammad Shah Rangeela. Khyal or Khayal, is the modern genre of classical singing in North India. Its name comes from an Arabic word meaning "imagination". It appeared more recently than dhrupad, is a more free and flexible form, and it provides greater scope for improvisation. Like all Indian classical music, khyal is modal, with a single melodic line and no harmonic parts. The modes are called raga, and each raga is a complicated framework of melodic rules.

 Khyal bases itself on a repertoire of short songs (two to eight lines); a khyal song is called a bandish. Every singer generally renders the same bandish differently, with only the text and the raga remaining the same. Khyal bandishes are typically composed in a variant of Urdu/Hindi, and sometimes in Marathi or Punjabi, and these compositions cover diverse topics, such as romantic or divine love, praise of kings or gods, the seasons, dawn and dusk, and the pranks of Krishna, and they can have symbolism and imagery
  
Dhrupad, is a more free and flexible form, and it provides greater scope for improvisation. Like all Indian classical music khyal is modal, with a single melodic line and no harmonic parts. The modes are called raga, and each raga is a complicated framework of melodic rules.

A typical khyal performance uses two songs — the bada khyal or great khyal, in slow tempo (vilambit laya), comprises most of the performance, while the chhota khyal (small khyal), in fast tempo (drut laya), is used as a finale and is usually in the same raga but a different taal. The songs are sometimes preceded by improvised alap to sketch the basic raga structure without drum accompaniment; alap is given much less room in khyal than in dhrupad.

As the songs are short, and performances long (half an hour or more), the lyrics lose some of their importance. Improvisation is added to the songs in a number of ways: for example improvising new melodies to the words, using the syllables of the songs to improvise material (bol-baant, bol-taans), singing the names of the scale degrees — sa, re, ga, ma, pa, dha and ni (sargam) — or simply interspersing phrases sung on vowels, usually the vowel A, akaar taans. Taans are one of the major distinguishing features of the khyal. Now and then, the singer returns to the song, especially its first line, as a point of reference. Besides the vilambit (slow) and drut (fast) tempos, a performance may include ati-vilambit (ultra-slow), madhya (medium speed) and ati-drut (super-fast) tempos. Song forms such as taranas, thumris or tappas are sometimes used to round off a khyal performance.

The compositions of Sadarang and Adarang employ the theme of Urdu love-poetry. The khyal of this period also acquired the dignity of Dhrupad and the manner of the veena in its glide or meend, plus a number of musical alankars that were introduced into the body of the composition[citation needed]. The gharana system arose out of stylistic rendering of the khyal by various subsequent generations of musicians. The gharanas have distinct styles of presenting the khyal — how much to emphasize and how to enunciate the words of the composition, when to sing the sthayi and antara, whether to sing an unmetered alap in the beginning, whether to do bol-alap or aakar-alap, what kinds of improvisations to use, how much importance to give to the rhythmic aspect, and so on.



   Performers
   Contact

 

Name:
 
Contact no:
 
Email:
Message:
 



 

   LearnArt

 

Possessing an art is possessing a treasure that grows forever! Learning a performing art like music or dance opens doors to novel and wonderful worlds of joy. You can bring this unbounded happiness into your life – you can learn an art at any age. To make a beginning today, enroll in the online school of performing arts : Meetkalakar Gurukul.


About Meetkalakar

Meetkalakar is an Indian product and services company based in Mumbai. Its interests are focussed on the field of performing arts. The various products and services of Meetkalakar mainly benefit performing artists and art lovers.

Meetkalakar was founded in 2009 by Rajashree Rajadhyax and Richa Rajadhyax, with the primary aim of allowing people to browse through profiles of performing artists on the internet. Over years, many new products and services were added. Meetkalakar now has about 2500 eminent artists from the field of music, dance, drama, folk and many other genres as its members.

Meetkalakar founders have expressed their intention of coming up with more and more innovations that will reduce the distance between the artist and art lovers. Know more...

©2010-2013, Meetkalakar Services India Private Limited.
All Rights Reserved. | Privacy Policy | Legal Disclaimer

Recent Updates

  • Mrs Gayatree Gaikwad-Gulhane

    Namaste! Mrs Gayatree Gaikwad-Gulhane

    Namaste! Mrs Gayatree Gaikwad-Gulhane

    NamasteManasi Athavale

Please note: All Content (Unless produced by Meetkalakar) names and brand names mentioned are property of their respective owners. They have been published by content owners. All of this content remains property of their respective holders, and in no way indicates any relationship between Meetkalakar and the holders of said trademarks. Meetkalakar is a technology platform that enables artists reach out their audiences.
Name


 

Contact No


 

Email


Message