Raga Jaunpuri is a raga in Hindustani classical music in the Asavari thaat. Some musicians like Omkarnath Thakur consider it indistinguishable from the shuddha rishabh Asavari. Its attractive swaras also make it a popular raga in the Carnatic circles with a number of compositions in South India being tuned to Jaunpuri.
Raga Jaunpuri is associated with Jaunpur where the raga is said to have evolved - at least that is what folklore says. Jaunpuri was created by Sultan Hussain Sharqi of Jaunpur. The name of the raga may associate it with places of this name, such as Javanpur in Gujarat, close to Saurasthra region and Jaunpur in northern Uttar Pradesh.
In the Carnatic circles, Jonpuri is considered a janya raga of Natabhairavi, the 20th Melakarta raga.
Jaunpuri is soft and pleasing and has simple nuances and avoids elaborate ornamentations (meends) while being performed. It is a morning melody.
This raga is very similar to raga Aasavari in its rendering and is very sweet to listen to. Whereas in Asavari both Gandhar and Nishad are Varjya in Aaroh, in raga Jaunpuri only Gandhar is Varjya.
R R m m P ; d m P g R S ; R ,n S this are the characteristic notes of raga Jaunpuri. d m P g R S these notes are rendered in Meend and Gandhar and Dhaivat are oscillated, which increases the beauty of this raga.
This is a Uttarang Pradhan Raga and can be expanded in Madhya and Tar Saptaks. The atmosphere created by this Raga is deep and full of Bhakti and Shringar Ras.