Raga Jait or Jayat
Raga Jayat is also known as Raga Jait. Three variations of this raga exist. First one is with Rishabh Komal and Madhyam and Nishad Varjya (Audhav-Audhav). Second variation uses Madhyam Teevr and the Third one uses both Rishabhs and both Dhaivats, along with Teevr Madhyam. The first variation is the most popular and is described here.
In this raga, Pancham is a powerful and resting note. Dhaivat is used as a Vakra Note, for example: P D P S' ; S' P D G P. One should refrain from employing Dhaivat in straight notes in Aaroh and Avroh, meaning P D S' or S' D P should not be taken. If Dhaivat is employed like this, raga Deshkar might make it's appearance. Therefore, Dhaivat is used like: P D P S'; S' P D P. Also, Dhaivat is weak and not very rigorously used.
Raga Jayat also resembles raga Vibhas, but the use of Shuddha Dhaivat and less use of Rishabh in Aaroh separates it from Vibhas. Repeated and Vakra use of Shadj and Pancham brings out the essence of Jayat.
S-G, G-P, P-S' are important Swar Sangati and P-D-G are raga Vachak cluster Notes. Komal Rishabh can be skipped sometimes while ascending, for example: S G P ; P D P; P D G P ; G r S' ;. Gandhar and Pancham are resting notes.
Thaat : Marwa
Jati : Audhav - Audhav
Aroh : S - r - G - P - D - P - S'
Avroh : S' - P - D - P - G - r - S
Vadi : P
Samvadi : S
Vikrit : R komal
Virjit : M and N both ways
Vishranti Sthan : S; G; P;
Mukhya Ang : P D P S'; S' P ; P D G P ; P G r S;
Swaras : Madhyam and Nishad forbidden (Varjya). Rishabh komal. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.
Time : Sandhi-Prakash Raga , First prahar of Night (6PM to 9PM)
Bandishes are written and composed by Acharya Vishwanath Rao Ringe 'Tanarang' and sung by Shri Prakash Vishwanath Ringe.
1) Bada Khyal: Paar Na Payo Naad Brahm Ko
2) Bada Khyal - Sadra: Balma Anadi Jane Na Preet
3) Chota Khyal: Nain Tose Laage Mituva
4) Chota Khyal: Aan Milo Re Sajna
5) Chota Khyal: Chun Chun Laayi Kaliyan Sundar
6) Chota Khyal: Sanjh Samay Gajar Baje
7) Chota Khyal: Safal Karle Janam Apna
8) Pal Pal Chin Chin Umar