Raga Gauri

   About Raga Gauri

Raga Gauri

Gauri is an India musical raga that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib.

In the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 60 raga compositions and this raga is the ninth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga first appear on ang (page) no. 151.

Gauri has the largest number of composition which cover about 14 per cent of the total number of pages of the Scripture. It contains two important compositions of Guru Arjan, Sukhmani and Bavan-akhri (acrostic). As it is a serious raga, the Gurus have given herein the exposition of profound concepts like fear, consciousness, soul and salvation.

This raga is full of compassion and piety. The melody subtly brings out the Viraha Sringar (piety from separation of lovers).

Gauri is one of several Gauri ragas and appears in the Ragmala as a ragini of Siri raga. This is an evening raga assigned to autumn and its mood is contemplative. The composition in Gauri is very voluminous. Gauri was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur. Several forms of Gauri exist historically and this probably accounts for the large number of variants: Gauri Cheti, Gauri Bairagan, Gauri Dipaki, Gauri PurbiDipaki, Gauri Guareri, Gauri-Majh, Gauri Malava, Gauri Mala, Gauri Sorath, Gauri Dakhani.

This raga is associated with Bhairav thaat. But it is played in various angs (forms) :

Gauri (Bhairav thaat)
Gauri (Kalingada aang) (2 M's)
Gauri (Marwa aang).

   Raga structure of Gauri

Jati : Sampurna-Sampurna Vakra

Aroh : Sa Re Ga Re Ma Pa Ni Sa

Avroh : Sa Ni Dha Nfa Pa, Dha Pa IIa Ga, Ga _Re Sa Ni Sa

Vadi : _Re

Samvadi : Pa

Pakad : S, N’ N’ S, r G, r S r N’, N’ d’ N’, N’ S

Chalan : S, N’ N’ S, r G, r S r N’, N’ d’ N’, N’ S

Mukhya Ang : S r S ,N S G r; m G r S r ,N S;

Swaras : Rishabh, Dhaivat Komal. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

Occasionally Re is performed with a vibrate as in Siri Raga which has the same vadis. Ni is given prominence through either stopping or lingering on this note.

Time : Fourth Prahar of the day (3PM to 6PM)

   External Videos of Raga Gauri

   Songs based on Raga Gauri

These bandishs are composed by Acharya Vishwanath Rao Ringe 'Tanarang' and sung by Shri Prakash Vishwanath Ringe.

1) Deepan Jyoti Lagi

2) Mora Man Lago Pardesi Preetam Pyara

3) Gauven Ghar Ko Aai Ban Se

4) Jaane Na Dungi Mai Apne Piya Ko

5) Mat Kar Tu Gumaan

6) Baaje Ho Mirdangwa



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