Ganamurti Ragam

   About Ganamurti Ragam

Ganamurti Ragam

Ganamurti meaning the idol of music. It is the 3rd Melakarta ragam in the 72 melakarta ragam system of Carnatic music. It is called Ganasamavarali in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.

Ganamurti's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 2 other melakarta ragams, namely, Vishwambari and Shamalangi. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the ragam.


   Raga structure of Ganamurti

It is the 3rd ragam in the 1st chakra Indu. The mnemonic name is Indu-Go. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra ga ma pa dha nu. Its arohana-avarohanastructure is as follows:
Arohana: S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N3 S
Avarohana: S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

The notes used in this scale are shuddha rishabham, shuddha gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham, kakali nishadham.

As it is a melakarta ragam, by definition it is a sampoorna ragam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the shuddha madhyamamequivalent of Jhalavarali, which is the 39th melakarta.

Gaanamurthe! Sri Krishna! Venu-Gaanalola! Tribhuvana Paala! Paahi

Maaninimani Sri Rukmini Maanasaapahaara! Maarajanaka Divya

Navaneetha Chora ! Nanda Satkishora! Naramitra! Dhira! Narasimha! Sura!
Navamekha Teja ! Nagajaa Sahaja! Narakaantakaaja! Nata Tyagaraaja! 

Ganasamavarali  is the 3rd Melakarta in the original list compiled by Venkatamakhin. The notes used in the scale are the same, but the ascending scale is different. It is an shadava-sampurna raga (6 notes in ascending scale, while full 7 are used in descending scale).
Arohana: S R1 M1 P D1 N3 S'
Avarohana: S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

Ganamurti has a few minor janya ragamsassociated with it. 

Janya ragam Ganamoorti
S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

1) Ganasamavarali
S R1 M1 P D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

2) Bhinnapanchamam
S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

3) Nadharanjani
S R1 M1 D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 M1 G1 R1 S

4) Poorvavarali
S R1 M1 P D1 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

5) Samavarali
S R1 M1 P D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 G1 S

   External Videos of Ganamurti Ragam

   Compositions in Raga Ganamurti

1) Ganamoorthe sri krishna by Thyagaraja is a popular composition sung in concerts, set to Ganamurti.

2) Pahi JagadIswara by Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna in Adi Tala

3) Brihadiswara rakshatuma in Eka tala by Muthuswami Dikshitar is a composition set to Ganasamavarali scale.

   Related Ragas of Ganamurti

Ganamurti's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 2 other melakarta ragams, namely, Vishwambari and Shamalangi. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the ragam.



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