Raga Brindavani Sarang

   About Raga Brindavani Sarang

Raga Brindavani Sarang 

Brindabani Sarang, also known as raga Sarang, is a Hindustani classical raga. It is also called Vridavani Sarang. This raga falls under the category of Sarang ragas.

Brindabani Sarang is a Kafi thaat raga. It was created by Swami Haridas. The associated mythology being that he brought Lord Krishna to earth by singing this raga who took the form of an idol which can still be seen in Mathura. One of the famous Ragas for the Sarang raagang, it is a popular raga of this family, together with Shuddha Sarang, and Madhyamad Sarang. The name Brindavani Sarang is a testament to its popularity in the region around Mathura.

The notes Ga and Dha are not used in this raga. A characteristic of all Sarang is the way Rishab (Re) is sung. The Rishabh is not accorded embellishments, so it is sung without any meen? of adjacent swaras neither with any andolan. This preeminence of Re makes the swar the vadi of this Raga as also for all other varieties of this family (raagang).

Another dominant phrase is Sa - Ni - Pa, also used in many other ragas, notably the popular Kanhada family. The distinguishing factor being that the Ni in Kanhada's S-N-P takes a ka? of the Pa (of uttarang), with a ghasee?a effect, whereas the Ni of Sa-Ni-Pa in Sarang is rendered pure.

Brindavani Sarang's classification in thaat Kaafi is peculiar as it uses the shuddha form of 'Ni' in its Aaroha, whereas the komala form of 'ni' and 'ga' is the main characteristic of the Kaafi thaat. So it is possible to make a mistake in identifying its thaat as Khamaj. 

This Raag is also known as Brindavani Sarang. The combinations ,N S R R P ; m P ; R R m ; S R S clearly shows the intensity of noon time and the summer season to which the melody is particualrly oriented. The Suhddha Nishad (N) here is placed on the Kshobhini Shruti Sthan, that causes disturbance. Hence the Prakruti of this Raga is neither deep nor playful.

The Swar Sangati R-P, m-N, n-P, m-R are Raag Vachak and the combination R m P (m)R ; n P m R is known as Sarang Ang. Other popular form of Sarang includes: Shuddha Sarang, Miya Ki Sarang, Madhmad Sarang etc. It can be expanded in Madhya and Tar Saptaks. Illustrative combinations include: ,N S R ; R m R ; S ,N S ; S R m P ; P R ; m R n P ; m P N N S' ; S' n P n P ; m R ; P m R ; ,N S ; ,N S R S ; This raga evokes the sringara rasa - romantic love.

To my understanding, Brindavana Saranga has the usage of only one Ni, kaisiki nishadham. It includes the rarely used prayoga (phrase) RGRS in the avarohanam. Whereas, Brindavani has SRMPNS / SNPMRS in the scale with kakali Ni while ascending and kaisiki Ni while descending.


   Raga structure of Brindavani Sarang

Thaat : Kafi

Swaras : Gandhar and Dhaivat Varjya, Both Nishads. Rest all Shuddha Swaras.

Jati : Audhav-Audhav

Aroha : N S R M P N S'

Avaroha : S' n P M R S N S

Vadi : Rishabha (re)

Samavadi : Panchama (pa)

Vishranti Sthan : S; R; P; N; - S'; P; R;

Mukhya Ang : R m ; P R ; m R ,N S ; m P n P m R ,N S ;

Time : Early afternoon, (12NOON to 3PM) Day Third Prahar It is generally sung as Rajasthani folksongs.

Season : Summer

Pakad : Ni Sa Re Ma Re Pa Ma Re Ni Sa / R M P n - PMR, M- R N S R-S

Equivalent ragas : Lankadahan Sarang (sometimes also called as Lankadahani Sarang.), Shuddha Sarang, Miya Ki Sarang, Madhumad Sarang.

Similar ragas : Megh and Madhumad sarang (komal ni)

Related Raga : Madhumad Sarang has the Shuddha Ni dropped or Varjit (excluded).[10] It is still considered a chanchal raga. Megh malhar has same notes but it is Dhrupad anga raga and is serious in rendering, with a lot of meen?. Another distinguishing factor is that while Rishabh is used extensively in Megh Malhar (as also in Sarang), the Rishabh there takes a very strong meen? from Madhyam (Me), a salient in the singing of meen?-heavy Megh.

   External Videos of Raga Brindavani Sarang

   Songs based on Raga Brindavani Sarang

2) Aa Ja Bhanwar Suni Dagar Film : Rani Roopmati (1957)
3) Aa Ja Meri Barbad Mohabbat Ke Sahare Film : Anmol Ghadi (1946)
4) Agar Tum Mil Jao Film : Zeher (2005)
5) Bahut Shukriya Badi Meherbani Film : Ek Musafir Ek Hasina (1962)
6) Ghata Ghanghor Ghor Film : Tansen (1943)
7) Haye Re Haye Yeh Mere Haath Tera Haath Film : Kashmir Ki Kali (1964)
8) Jadugar Saiyan Film : Nagin (1954)
9) Jhananan Jhan Baje Payaliya Film : Rani Roopmati (1957)
10) Jhule Mein Pawan Ke Aai Bahar Film : Baiju Bawra (1952)
11) Jhuti Muti Mitwa Aawan Bole Film : Rudaali (1993)
12) Jogan Ban Jaungi Saiyan Tore Karan Film : Shabab (1954)
13) Kaare Kaare Badra Jaare Jaare Badra Film : Bhabhi (1957)
14) Main To Bhool Chali Babul Ka Des Film : Saraswati Chandra (1968)
15) Manbhavan Sawan Aaya Film : Chandralekha (1948)
16) Pyar Hamara Munna Film : Sansaar (1951)



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