Raga Brindavani Sarang
Brindabani Sarang, also known as raga Sarang, is a Hindustani classical raga. It is also called Vridavani Sarang. This raga falls under the category of Sarang ragas.
Brindabani Sarang is a Kafi thaat raga. It was created by Swami Haridas. The associated mythology being that he brought Lord Krishna to earth by singing this raga who took the form of an idol which can still be seen in Mathura. One of the famous Ragas for the Sarang raagang, it is a popular raga of this family, together with Shuddha Sarang, and Madhyamad Sarang. The name Brindavani Sarang is a testament to its popularity in the region around Mathura.
The notes Ga and Dha are not used in this raga. A characteristic of all Sarang is the way Rishab (Re) is sung. The Rishabh is not accorded embellishments, so it is sung without any meen? of adjacent swaras neither with any andolan. This preeminence of Re makes the swar the vadi of this Raga as also for all other varieties of this family (raagang).
Another dominant phrase is Sa - Ni - Pa, also used in many other ragas, notably the popular Kanhada family. The distinguishing factor being that the Ni in Kanhada's S-N-P takes a ka? of the Pa (of uttarang), with a ghasee?a effect, whereas the Ni of Sa-Ni-Pa in Sarang is rendered pure.
Brindavani Sarang's classification in thaat Kaafi is peculiar as it uses the shuddha form of 'Ni' in its Aaroha, whereas the komala form of 'ni' and 'ga' is the main characteristic of the Kaafi thaat. So it is possible to make a mistake in identifying its thaat as Khamaj.
This Raag is also known as Brindavani Sarang. The combinations ,N S R R P ; m P ; R R m ; S R S clearly shows the intensity of noon time and the summer season to which the melody is particualrly oriented. The Suhddha Nishad (N) here is placed on the Kshobhini Shruti Sthan, that causes disturbance. Hence the Prakruti of this Raga is neither deep nor playful.
The Swar Sangati R-P, m-N, n-P, m-R are Raag Vachak and the combination R m P (m)R ; n P m R is known as Sarang Ang. Other popular form of Sarang includes: Shuddha Sarang, Miya Ki Sarang, Madhmad Sarang etc. It can be expanded in Madhya and Tar Saptaks. Illustrative combinations include: ,N S R ; R m R ; S ,N S ; S R m P ; P R ; m R n P ; m P N N S' ; S' n P n P ; m R ; P m R ; ,N S ; ,N S R S ; This raga evokes the sringara rasa - romantic love.
To my understanding, Brindavana Saranga has the usage of only one Ni, kaisiki nishadham. It includes the rarely used prayoga (phrase) RGRS in the avarohanam. Whereas, Brindavani has SRMPNS / SNPMRS in the scale with kakali Ni while ascending and kaisiki Ni while descending.