Raga Bilaval

   About Raga Bilawal

Raga Bilawal or Bilaval

Raga Bilawal is the most basic raga in Bilawal thaat.  Indeed, the name of the thaat is derived from this raga.  Interestingly enough, this raga has been declining in popularity over the years. Bilaval or Bilawal  is a raga and the basis for the eponymous thaat (musical mode) in Hindustani classical music. Raga Bilaval is named after Veraval, Gujarat. This raga is sometimes referred to as Shuddha Bilawal to distinguish it from the more popular Alhiya Bilawal.

Bilaval had become the basic scale for North Indian music by the early part of the 19th century. Its tonal relationships are comparable to the Western music C major scale. Bilaval appears in the Ragamala as a ragini of Bhairav, but today it is the head of the Bilaval thaat. The Ragamala names Bilaval as a Putra (son) of Bhairav, but no relation between these two ragas are made today. Bilaval is a morning raga to be sung with a feeling of deep devotion and repose, often performed during the hot months.

Bilaval is one of the ragas that is in the Sikh tradition from northern India, and is part of the Sikh holy scripture (Granth), the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.

Bilawal is considerd by most to be Sampurna - Sampurna.  However, some are of the opinion that it should be considered Shadav - Sampurna due to the weakness of its Ga in the arohana.

The vadi / samavadi theory is generally discounted by modern musicologists, but for those who are inclined to follow this, it has been suggested that the vadi and samavadi are Dha and Re respectively.

Raag Bilawal exudes a bright and positive mood. It is traditionally performed during the morning hours, from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.

At the initial stage, gurus in the Hindustani music tradition often choose to teach ragas Yaman and/or Bhairav. But rudimentary exercises are often taught using shuddha swaras or notes that do not use their komal or flat and teevra or sharp varieties. Such a scale is called Bilawal and is treated as one of the 10 parent scales according to the system of raag classification evolved by musicologist and music educationist Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (1860-1936).

Bilawal is also treated as a raga and lends its ragang or characteristic melodic features to several different ragas. Some musicians also call this raga Alhaiya Bilawal, but others differentiate between the two because the latter uses the komal variety of the Nishad or the seventh swar.

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   Raga Bilaval structure

Thaat : Bilaval

Jati : Sampurna-Sampurna 

Aroh : Sa Re Ga ma, Ga Pa, Dha Ni Dha Ni Sa'

Avaroh : Sa' Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga, Ma Re Sa

Pakad : Ga Re, Ga Pa Dha Pa, ma Ga, ma Re Sa

Ga Re Ga Pa, Dha Ni Sa'

Sa' Ni Dha Pa, ma Ga Ma Re Sa

Vadi : Dha

Samavadi : Ga

Time : First Prahar of Day (6AM to 9AM)

Chalan : 

Ga Re, Ga Ma Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Ma Re Sa

Ga Pa Ni Dha Ni Sa

Ga Re Ga Pa, Ni Dha Ni Sa

Sa Ni Dha Pa Ga Ma Re Sa

Synonym : Bilawal (Hindustani classical), Sankarabharanam (Carnatic), Ionian mode (Western)

   External Videos Raga Bilaval

   Songs based on Raga Bilaval

Marathi and Hindi Songs in Raga Bilawal

1) Din gele bhajanavin sare
2) sawaka var bara gaur
3) Chukar mere manko
4) Achutam Keshvam
5) Om Jai jagdish hare
6) Ichak Dana Beechak Dana
7) Meri Laadli Ri
8) Chain Se Humko Kabhi
9) Shokh Nazar Ki
10) Gham Ki Dawa To
11) Kya Hua Kya Hua
12) Ae Dil Machal Machal
13) Thehro Zara Si Der
14) Gham Ki Andheri Raat
15) Har Aas Ashq Baar Hai
16) Jao Re Jogi Tum
17) Om Jay Jagdish Hare
18 )Suno Sajna Papihon Ne
19) Wo To Chale Gaye
20) Pehle Na Samjha

   Compositions in Raga Bilaval

1. Ladli suhagan gori dulhan

This composition is a drut khayal by Aman Ali Khan. In it, the poet paints a picture of a young bride, of how adorable and virtuous she is. you can see it in  video section.



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