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Raga Basant

   About Raga Basant

Raga Basant or Raga Vasant

Basant is a Hindustani classical raga. Basant denotes the changing of the season and the newness of spring. This Raga encourages the mind to brush away its selfishness, just like spring-cleaning removes all the cobwebs and creates a fresh start. There are feelings of hope and expectation of a new beginning and the start of a new cycle. However, these emotions are not dependent on the physical change of the season, but are an encouragement of an internal effort to change.

Origin
Vasant is a Sanskrit word for 'spring'. The word is much older than the Sikh religion and any usage of the word in relation to melody or Sikh tradition is a later rendition of the word.

The variants noted in the Holy Book are Basant-Hindol and Shudh Basant which also called Desi Basant in the local language. Basant is a very old raga dating from the 8th century. Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Guru Tegh Bahadar Ji composed Shabads in this raga. Performed in slow tempo, this gentle melody depicts quiet joy. It is rendered mostly in Madhya and Tar Saptaks. Songs depicting description of the season, besides Shringar and Virah (Separation Pangs) Ras are common.

The Chalan of raga Basant is influenced by raga Shree like: N r' S' ; r' N d P. However in raga Basant, Rishabh is not elongated like Raga Shree. The Raga Vachak Swar Sangati of Basant is P ; M G M G where the second Madhyam is elongated. Shuddha Madhyam is employed occasionally as S m m G.

This Uttarang Pradhan raga belongs to Poorvi Thaat. This is a Meend Pradhan raga and creates heavy atmosphere.

This raga encourages the mind to brush away its selfishness, just like spring-cleaning removes all the cobwebs and creates a fresh start. There are feelings of hope and expectation of a new beginning and the start of a new cycle. However, these emotions are not dependent on the physical change of the season, but are an encouragement of an internal effort to change.

Credits: 
http://www.soundofindia.com, wikipedia

   Raga structure of Basant

Thaat : Poorvi

Jati : Audhav - Sampurna Vakra

Arohana : S G M' D_ N S'

Avarohana : S N D_ P M G ? M' G R_ S

Vadi : Sa

Samavadi : Pa

Vishranti Sthan : S; G; - S'; P; G;

Mukhya Ang : M d r' S' ; N S' r' N d P ; G M d N M G ; M d G M G ; M G M G r S ;

Swaras : Rishabh and Pancham Varjya in Aaroh. Rishabh and Dhaivat Komal, Madhyam Teevra. Rest All Shuddha Swaras.

Time : Second Prahar of the Night or Anytime in Spring Season. 3am to 6am

Season : Spring

Similar : Purvi, Paraj, Puriya Dhanashri

   External Videos of Raga Basant

   Songs based on Raga Basant

1) Ketaki gulab joohi champak ban phoole (Film: Basant Bahar)

2) Basant Hai Aayaa Rangeela (Film : Stree)

3) Kaahe Chhed Mohe  (Film : Devdas) 

4) Lo Phir Basant Aae ( Non Film Song)

5) Keliche Sukale bag (Marathi)

6) Jivalaga kadhi re yehil tu (Marathi)

7) Lonchanabudharani he (Marathi)

8) Jyeshta tuza putra mala 

9) Sur na saje

10) Duniya na bhaye mohe

11) Main piya teri

12) Jeshth tuza putra mala

Tamil songs in Raga Basant

1) Arul Jothi Deivam

2) Om Nadam Omkara Nadam

3) Sandhikka Thudittaen

4) Anbenum Sudaral

5) Vazhimel Vizhiyaal


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