Raga Baradi

   About Raga Baradi

Raga Baradi  or Varati

Raga Baradi is known as  Varati or Varali or Barathi. Raga Varati is an old raga and has been documented in the classical Sanskrit texts on music. Barari/Varali/Barathi/Baradi appear to be the corrupted forms of the name Varati due to differences in pronunciation or spelling. 

Now coming to the meaning of the term Varali. 'Var' in Sanskrit means 'to sound' and the term 'ali' refers to Bee. So may be the meaning of Varali refers to 'Sound/ Hum of a Bee'.  Varali is also known as Moon. After listening to Varali recordings quite a few times, It sounds like a Bee is very apt for the raga. Varali is an asymmetric raga due to the vakra prayoga and a vivadi ragam  and the vivadi dosha is avoided by singing the arohana as SGRG which makes it a raga with vakra sampoorna (contains all 7 notes) in arohanam.

Varali is an asymmetric ragam due to the vakra prayoga in ascending scale. The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shuddha rishabham, shuddha gandharam, prati madhyamam, panchamam, shuddha dhaivatam and kakali nishadham. The madhyamam used is said to be slightly higher than the prati madhyamam, and is also called as chyuta panchama madhyamam (also referred as Varali madhyamam) 

It is a Ghana raga in the Ghana, Rakti and Desiya scheme. This gamaka-pradhana (highly ornamentated) raga is filled with Bhakti bhava (devotional mood). There is a superstition that Varali is to be only self-taught as it is inauspicious for student-teacher relationships.

From Music theropy point of view : In Mind, Body and Soul Chakra – Chakra 7 is the Divine Chakra lined up with the heart and the throat chakras, enabling the higher spirit energies to work through ones voice and body. Therapeutically Varali is said to be good for  Heart and Skin ailments and gastric problems.

According to Bharatha’s Natyasastra Varati is recommended in portraying rain, agitation, surprise etc. When it is adorned by dhaivata, it serves contentment, recollecting, concealing one’s feeling. The raga is also used to protray the rasa of Pranaya Viyoga or pangs of separation of lovers. Varali portrays both Karuna and Sringara Rasas.

Varali is a ragam in Carnatic music. It is a janya ragam from the 39th melakarta scale Jhalavarali. It is a janya scale, as it is said to have a vakra scale in the ascending scale. It is a vivadi ragam. It is the 4th in the list of 5 Ghana ragams (Nata (raga), Gaula, Arabhi and Shree ragam being the others). In olden times, this ragam was called Varati and is said to be more than 1300 years old. It is with this name that it is referred in old musical texts like Sangita Makarandha and Sangita Ratnakara.

Pandit Bhatkhande has mentioned that there are different opinions about raga Varati since it is not a common raga. He has also mentioned that the raga with Shuddha Dhaivat , called as Shuddhabarari or Barari Marwa thaat or Shuddhavarali, is more appropriate than Komal Dhaivat Barari , that is, Barari Poorvi Thaat. However, that version is popular among stalwarts of Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana.

Pandit Bhatkhande has included brief references of the following variants of Raga Varati in Sangeet Shastra
Part 3.
1. Varati*;
2. Shuddhavarati*; 
3. Todivarati: 
4. Nagavarati*; 
5. Punnagavarati*;
6. Pratapavarati*; 
7. Shokavarati*; 
8. Kalyanavarati; 
9. Kuntalavarati*;
10. Dravidivarati; 
11. Saindhavivarati; 
12. Apasthanavarati;
13. Hataswaravarati;

The Raganames marked * are included in the book RagaPravaham ( Carnatic Music – written by Dr. M N Dhandapani and D. Pattamal) apart from the following Variants of Varali which are popular: Salagavarali; Shubhapanthuvarali; Jhalavarali; Panthuvarali; Vasanthavarali; Ganasamavarali; Kokilavarali; etc.


   Raga structure of Baradi

Jati : Sampurna-Sampurna vakra

Arohanam : S G1 R1 G1 M2 P D1 N3 S'

Avarohanam : S' N3 D1 P M2 G1 R1 S

Allied Ragas : Vijayasree, Jaganmohana, Subhapantuvarali, Panthuvarali

   External Videos of Raga Baradi

   Songs based on Raga Baradi

Popular compositions
There are many compositions set to Varali ragam. Many compositions in praise of Lord Ganesha are set to this raga. Here are some popular kritis composed in this ragam.

1) The fourth Pancharatna Kriti Kanakana ruchira composed by Tyagaraja, the fourth of the 5 gems

2) Eti janmamiti and Marakathamani by Tyagaraja

3) Mamava Meenakshi and Seshachala by Muthuswami Dikshitar

4) Karunajudavamma and Bangaru Kamakshi by Shyama Shastri

5) Mamava Padmanabha by Swathi Thirunal

6) Intha prodayye and Valapu by Kshetrajna padam Ka Vaa Vaa by Papanasam Sivan

7) Valayunniha a Malayalam Padam by Swathi Thirunal Ille vaikuntha by Purandara Dasa

8) Idhigo Bhadradri by Bhadrachala Ramadasu



Contact no:


   Learn Raga Baradi


Possessing an art is possessing a treasure that grows forever! Learning a performing art like music or dance opens doors to novel and wonderful worlds of joy. You can bring this unbounded happiness into your life – you can learn an art at any age. To make a beginning today, enroll in the online school of performing arts : Meetkalakar Gurukul.

About Meetkalakar

Meetkalakar is an Indian product and services company based in Mumbai. Its interests are focussed on the field of performing arts. The various products and services of Meetkalakar mainly benefit performing artists and art lovers.

Meetkalakar was founded in 2009 by Rajashree Rajadhyax and Richa Rajadhyax, with the primary aim of allowing people to browse through profiles of performing artists on the internet. Over years, many new products and services were added. Meetkalakar now has about 2500 eminent artists from the field of music, dance, drama, folk and many other genres as its members.

Meetkalakar founders have expressed their intention of coming up with more and more innovations that will reduce the distance between the artist and art lovers. Know more...

©2010-2013, Meetkalakar Services India Private Limited.
All Rights Reserved. | Privacy Policy | Legal Disclaimer

Recent Updates

  • Dr Devika P Borthakur
  • Shashikant Shinde
  • Shashikant Shinde
  • Esha Chatterjee
    Esha is trained in classical singing by many renowned gurus who also trained some of the top Bollywood singers. She has a unique style of singing and possesses an excellent quality of voice suitable for playback and live shows. She is a versatile singer who has done many live shows of the retro genre to contemporary Bollywood singing. She does show on ghazal with some renowned ghazal artists. Tseries has recognized her talent and released private songs on their YouTube channel.
Please note: All Content (Unless produced by Meetkalakar) names and brand names mentioned are property of their respective owners. They have been published by content owners. All of this content remains property of their respective holders, and in no way indicates any relationship between Meetkalakar and the holders of said trademarks. Meetkalakar is a technology platform that enables artists reach out their audiences.


Contact No