Raga Abhogi

   About Raga Abhogi

Raga Abhogi or Raga Abhogi Kanada

Abhogi is a raga in Carnatic music and has been adapted to Hindustani music. It is a pentatonic scale, an audava raga. It is a derived scale (janya raga), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes). As it has Kanada Ang, Gandhar is used as Vakra: g m R S. Some musicians sing this Raga without the Kanada Ang (g m R S) rendering m g R S instead and call it Abhogi rather then Abhogi Kanada. This raga creates a deep atmosphere and can be expanded in all the three octaves. 

The notes used are shadjam, chathusruti rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam and chathusruthi dhaivatham. Abhogi is considered a janya raga of Kharaharapriya, the 22nd Melakarta raga, though it can be derived from Gourimanohari too, by dropping both panchamam and nishadam.


   Raga structure of Abhogi

Thaat : Kafi

Mela : 22nd, Kharaharapriya

Jati : Audhav - Audhav Vakra

Arohanam : S R2 G2 M1 D2 S'

Avarohanam : S' D2 M1 G2 R2 S

Vadi : M

Samvadi : S

Vishranti Sthan : R; m; D; S;

Mukhya - Ang : S R ,D S ; R g m ; g m R S;

Swaras : Pancham and Nishad Varjya , Gandhar Komal. Rest All Shuddha Swaras.

Time : Second prahar of the Night (9PM to 12Night)

   External Videos of Raga Abhogi

   Songs based on Raga Abhogi

Abhogi is a raga used for compositions in a medium to fast tempo. It has been used by many composers in classical music and film music. Notable traditional compositions in Abhogi include:

1) Nannu brova nee kinta tamasama in Adi tala by Thyagaraja
2) Maneyolagaado By Purandara Dasa
3) Sri Lakshmi varaham by Muthuswami Dikshitar
4) Sabhapatikku veru daivam, in Rupaka tala by Gopalakrishna Bharati
5) Neekepudu in Khanda Triputa tala by Mysore Sadashiva Rao
6) Evvari bodhana, a popular varnam by Patnam Subramania Iyer
7) Manasu nilpa by Thyagaraja
8) Nekkurugi unnai by Papanasam Sivan
9) Sri Mahaganapathe by N S Ramachandran
10) Manujudai Putti by Annamacharya
11) Par gaya chahai sab koi in Ektal by Raidas
12) Jayati siri radhike in Jhaptal by Gadadhar Bhatt
13) Ek barajori kare saiyya in Jhumratal

Film songs In Tamil 

1) Thangaratham Vanthathu (Kalai Kovil -1964)

2) Naan Indri Yaar Vaaruvaar - Ragamalika : Abhogi, Valaji (Maalaiyitta Mangai -1958)

3) Kangalin Vaarthaigal (Kalathur Kannamma - 1960)

4) Inraiku Yen Indha (Vaidehi Kathirunthal - 1984)

5) Chandhiranai Thottadhu Yaar (Ratchagan - 1997)

6) Konjam Neram (Chandramukhi - 2005)

7) Kannane (Kanni Raasi - 2020)

8) Maname (Kurukshetram - 2006)

9) Idhayam (Billa II - 2012)

10) Vaa Sagi Vaa Sagi (Arasiyal - 1997)

Songs in Raga Abhogi 

1) Dhan Sampada n lage mala ti ( Natyageet - Marathi)

2) Na Jaiyo Re Sautan Ghar Sainya (Film - Kagaz ki Nau -Year - 1975) (Hindi)

3) Tarana (Film - Kshudista Pashan - Bengali - Year - 1960)



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